What are more and cont'd used for in screenplays?

MORE and CONT’D are dialogue transitions that are used khổng lồ mark the continuation of characters speaking in a screenplay. We’re going lớn show you how to lớn use MORE và CONT’D with screenplay examples – and then we’ll explain when you should use them in your own scripts.

Bạn đang xem: What are more and cont'd used for in screenplays?

Screenplay Abbreviations Explained

What does CONT’D mean?

Screenplays require fairly rigorous formatting. That’s not khổng lồ say they should be intimidating though. Quite the contrary — whether you’re just getting the hang of screenwriting or brushing up on the basics, you should check out our guide on how khổng lồ master screenplay format.

In screenwriting, MORE & CONT’D are parentheticals; which is a fancy way khổng lồ say they’re written in parentheses. In a script, you’ll always see the terms in parentheses. In this article, we’re going khổng lồ ditch the parentheses – just remember that they should be there in the script.

MORE is used when a character is speaking but the page runs out of room before they’re finished. We imported the Chinatownscreenplay into lớn theartinpixels.com’s screenwriting software to take a closer look at how MORE should look in an industry standard script.


Perhaps it’s helpful to think of it this way — whenever MORE is used, it’s the last thing you see on the page; và CONT’D is there lớn follow. Let’s break it down step-by-step:

MORE is used at the bottom of a page when a character is speaking but there’s not enough room for them lớn finish.The first line of the next page should start with the continuation of the dialogue.CONT’D (an abbreviation for continued) should be written next to lớn the character’s name to lớn indicate that their speech is continued.

Here comes the tricky part: MORE needs CONT’D but CONT’D doesn’t need MORE. Wait what?! Let’s take a look at The Prestige script to see why.

Xem thêm: 【Giải Đáp】 Cut Off Date Là Gì ? 【Giải Đáp】 Cut Off Date Là Gì (2021)


CONT’D can also be used when a character is speaking — followed by an action line — then they continue speaking. Christopher & Jonathan Nolan often use CONT’D in this way. So the moral of the story is MORE always needs CONT’D but CONT’D doesn’t always need MORE.

CONT"D & Film Script Conventions

How to lớn Use MORE và CONT’D

Rethành viên our example from The Prestige? How Borden’s second chunk of dialogue had CONT’D next lớn it? Some industry professionals don’t like when CONT’D is used khổng lồ indicate the same character is speaking after an action line. My opinion is that if Christopher and Jonathan Nolan are using CONT’D like that, why shouldn’t you?

Screenwriters sometimes get crazy with formatting stringency – but don’t let that intimidate you from writing a script. The truth is that a good story will always be a good story, regardless of how you apply these screenplay abbreviations.

Here’s how to write continued after an action line:


These screenplay abbreviations don’t have lớn be written in all-caps either. Here are a few different ways MORE and CONT’D can look in screenplays:


One more note: don’t confuse CONT’D with CONTINUOUS. CONTINUOUS is used in sluglines lớn indicate ongoing action in a script.

Now that we’ve sầu broken down a variety of different ways lớn use these screenplay abbreviations, why don’t you try it with your own script?

UPhường. NEXT

How to Format a Script

We"ve sầu covered just two screenplay abbreviations of properly formatting a screenplay — there are dozens more. In this next article, we break down script formatting in further detail, with slugline, character, & dialogue examples. You can use this article throughout your writing process to reference key formatting notes!

Up Next: Formatting a Script →

Write và produce your scripts all in one place.

Write & collaborate on your scripts FREE. Create script breakdowns, sides, schedules, storyboards, Điện thoại tư vấn sheets and more.